Medical Services

How Muscles Get Damaged Due To Injury?

Those who undergo weight or resistance training or are into active sports, they are always in the mode of working their muscles. Active physical activities usually lead to the muscles being strained and stressed besides calories being burnt. The aim of muscle building exercises is to strain or put stress on different muscle groups to an extent that they break down or tear. The process of rebuilding the muscle tissues is the key to muscle building. As the tissues work to rebuild themselves, the muscles become stronger and bigger. While this is the principle behind the effectiveness of most weight training and resistance training exercises, often damages are done beyond normal limits. That is when a muscle injury occurs. This is common in sports activities as well as when one pulls excessive weight than desirable during training sessions.

Symptoms to look out for

Any strain and stress on muscle groups involve pain. When weight trainers push themselves to lift heavy weights, they experience pain and sheer exhaustion. However, with proper coordination and limits, the muscles are not pushed beyond the point that they are damaged or injured. The pain of having exerted oneself during weight training sessions or during sports activities usually leads to soreness and stiffness for a few days. This is often relieved through proper massage. However, when undue damage or injury occurs, there is intense pain, swelling and redness of the affected area. The pain is more than what one would normally experience after workouts or intense sports training. When there is unbearable pain and swelling, it is necessary that one gets prompt medical attention.

What you need to do?

When you experience an injury of muscles and related tissues, you would be asked to give rest to the affected area as much as possible. Depending on the extent of the injury, bandages or supportive casts are provided to ensure that the affected part remains immobile. This is vital for the affected muscles and tissues to heal. The longer the affected parts are kept immobile, the faster would be the healing process. After the initial healing is completed, the physician would advise you to undergo rehabilitation exercises with a physiotherapist. This helps to build the muscles and tissues faster as blood circulation increases and the healing process is fastened. It is also imperative that one continues to follow a proper diet and rest routine. Usually any muscle injury would take a month to heal. Even after that, one should take advice from their physician as to what kind of strenuous activities they can perform.